Scottish Secretary David Mundell criticised the First Minister, saying: "Far from taking a second independence referendum off the table, as the people of Scotland called on her to do during the election, she has merely pushed her preferred timescale back by six months".
The First Minister previously called for a second referendum to be held in autumn 2018 or spring 2019 following Britain's decision to leave the EU. It won 35 of Scotland's 59 seats, down from 56 two years earlier.
"It remains my view, and indeed the position of this government, that at the end of the Brexit process, the people of Scotland should have a choice about our future direction as a country", she said.
When the time comes, people must know why independence offers the best answer to the many complex challenges we face as a country.
Scots voted against independence by 55 to 45%in 2014 but Sturgeon has argued the Brexit vote changed circumstances because Scots voted overwhelmingly against leaving the European Union and they should not be dragged out against their will.More news: Kellyanne Conway says people who lose Medicaid should just find better jobs
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Sturgeon said that the focus right now had to be on keeping Scotland in the EU's single market as Brexit negotiations get underway.
A handout photo made available from the Scottish Parliament on March 21, 2017, shows Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon speaking in the chamber on the first day of the "Scotland's Choice" debate on a motion to seek the authority to hold an indpendence referendum at the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh.
She has announced a "reset" of the timetable set out for another referendum.
"Most people simply don't want this brought back anytime soon", Davidson told the Scottish parliament.
Labour, Britain's main opposition party, also remains firmly opposed to a second independence referendum in Scotland, where it used to be dominant.
Holyrood's consent will be sought on the UK Government's Great Repeal Bill - the legislation which aims to turn European Union laws into UK laws.