Israel refused to remove the detectors, claiming the security measures were similar to procedures taken at other holy sites around the world.
Growing tensions around Israel's actions at the al-Aqsa Mosque led to massive protests and violent crackdowns in occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank.
The measures angered Palestinians, who accuse Israel of trying to take control over a sacred place.
Three Palestinians were killed and 400 wounded in clashes following Friday's massive Muslim prayers and protests over security measures and restricting access to Temple Mount in East Jerusalem.More news: Amazing Grace hits first 62 in a major at The Open
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Amir Abdollahian stressed that putting restrictions on Palestinian worshipers in al-Aqsa Mosque runs counter to the global law and the commitment the Israeli regime has undertaken, warning that stronger limitations on "the true owners of Palestine" would trigger a new Intifada. Israeli security says the detectors are in response to last week's deadly attack at the shrine by three armed Palestinians.
Following the incident, Israeli police briefly shut down the al-Aqsa compound and canceled Muslim Friday prayers at the holy site.
The OIC is to hold an emergency meeting of its Committee of Permanent Representatives on Monday in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to discuss the latest developments at the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound.
Liberman also railed against Abbas for not condemning the Palestinian terror attack on Friday night that killed three members of the same family as they sat at their Shabbat table.
The Palestinian Red Crescent said that two people were injured there and brought to the hospital for treatment.