The treatment of about 1.1 million Muslim Rohingya in Myanmar has become the biggest challenge for national leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who has been accused by Western critics of not speaking out on behalf of a minority who have long complained of persecution.
ARSA says it is fighting to protect the Rohingya from abuses by Myanmar security forces and the majority-Buddhist Rakhine community who they accuse of trying to push them out.
The rag-tag unit has a real fight on its hands against Myanmar's well-equipped army, which has been offered military help from Bangladesh to root out rebels near the border.
"This can not lead to a repeat of last year's vicious military reprisals responding to a similar attack, when security forces tortured, killed and raped Rohingya people and burned down whole villages", the Amnesty International warned in its statement last week.
Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju had said in Parliament on 9 August that according to available data, more than 14,000 Rohingyas, registered with the UNHCR, were staying in India.
The children, seven of them girls and two boys, were under four, said Teknaf Upazila Nirbahi Officer Jahid Hossain Siddiqui.
The crackdown by Myanmar forces also sparked a mass evacuation of thousands of Buddhist residents of the area.
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Refugees and rights groups alleged Rohingya villages were set on fire in Rakhine, triggering the influx.
Thousands of Rohingyas have sought to flee the fighting to Bangladesh, with almost 30,000 crossing over.
"The police arrested 71 Rohingya from inside Bangladesh and later on handed them to us", said Manzurul Hassan Khan. Last week, militants from the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), an insurgent group allegedly formed by Rohingya living in Saudi Arabia, launched a brazen string of attacks on police posts and sought to break into a military base. Over the past decade, the world has seen waves of Rohingya attempting to flee Burma.
Aid workers have told horror stories of desperate refugees staggering to safety despite bullet wounds and burn injuries.
A group of Rohingya refugees takes shelter at the Kutuupalang makeshift refugee camp in Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh.
"This act would also be in contradiction with the principle of "Non-Refoulement", which has been widely recognised as a principle of Customary International Law", the plea said while seeking a direction to the government not to deport them and other members of Rohingya community.
The foreign ministry said while Bangladesh has been cooperating with Myanmar in the security sector, such instances of "violation of sovereignty may affect the existing understanding and cooperation between the two countries".
The organization said it's unclear how many people have made it into camps along the Bangladeshi border.