US Government shutdown: What's closed, and who is affected?


The last shutdown in October 2013 lasted more than two weeks, and led to more than 800,000 federal employees being furloughed. Because the measure will need 60 votes to pass the chamber to break a filibuster, Republican leaders need as many as more than a dozen Democrats. Almost all were recalled one week into the shutdown after the Defense Department implemented the Pay Our Military Act, which had recently been passed by Congress. An official government estimate said it shaved 0.3% percentage points off of the nation's gross domestic product that quarter, the broad measure of overall economic activity. The NPS, which oversees many Washington landmarks, including the National Mall, has said it has a plan in place so that "First Amendment activities" can continue during a shutdown. But those who are considered essential personnel or who are supported by non-tax revenue, including public safety workers and mail carriers, remain at work during a shutdown. After that time, more services could be curtailed. The lodge at Crater Lake National Park and the visitors center at Rim Village is closed for the season, and tours aren't conducted this time of year at the Oregon Caves National Monument. We will not stop issuing Social Security checks, nor will we send the Federal Aviation Administration's air traffic controllers home and ground every aircraft in the country.

Even departments that will stay open like the State Department and Defense Department will have to determine which divisions and employees to put on leave during the shutdown.

It was a fact pointed out by Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney on Friday morning.

What a shutdown will affect is employees who are deemed "non-essential". In previous instances of government shutdowns, these employees were paid after the government resumed operations for the time they worked during the shutdown. And in 2013, when it became clear there would indeed be a shutdown, there were even more detailed notices.

In the federal government's non-political branch, the Judiciary, the Supreme Court Justices and all appointed Justices also will get paid.

The row has exposed bitter divisions
The row has exposed bitter divisions

A number of federal properties would be closed - from the JFK Memorial Library in Boston, to the Springfield Armory National Historic site. The legislation would would provide a path to citizenship for young immigrants who arrived in the USA illegally. After all, the last shutdown showed that the American people do not think much of a Congress that can not do its job. It would delay loans to small businesses and homeowners, halt the issuance of gun permits and passports and certain federal emergency flood mitigation and insurance operations would be suspended. All animals would be continued to be fed, but, in a setback for panda lovers, the zoo's popular Panda Cam and other live animal cameras would not be broadcasting.

Courts: The administrative office of the U.S. courts has said federal courts, including the Supreme Court, could continue to operate normally for about three weeks without additional funding.

City offices will remain open, and benefits from Medicaid, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) would continue. Agricultural statistical reports ceased publication.

The Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts told the National Law Journal that it has enough funding on hand to keep courts open unless a shutdown drags on for several weeks. "You have a group of people at the very top who have not been in government previously, certainly not been in government running the entire show, and that's going to present a real problem".

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