Kohli was not alone in reaching triple figures against the Windies; debutant opener Prithvi Shaw also achieved the feat on day one of the match.
Kohli's impressive 139 in the opening match against West Indies in Rajkot also saw him surpass Virender Sehwag in the list of Indian century-makers.
By tea, Jadeja had struck an unbeaten 100 off 132 off balls to be the third centurion of the innings.
Ravindra Jadeja, who scored his maiden global century during India's only innings, took the final wicket of Shannon Gabriel for four as the hosts celebrated an utterly dominant win over the former cricketing powerhouse.
Former England bowler Lucy Pearson, who was head of the school in Manchester that teenager Shaw played for six years ago, was not surprised by his impact on debut.More news: Petrol, Diesel cheaper by Rs 5 from midnight
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India made 143 runs in the afternoon session, scoring at close to 4.5 runs an over.
Kohli, 72 overnight, went on to complete a 24th Test century during the morning session, after wicketkeeper-batsman Rishabh Pant fell just short of his own hundred - out for 92, with India looking well set on 470 for five. Just into his second Test, Paul hit seven fours and two sixes during his 49-ball stay.
India had earlier turned the screws on the Windies after resuming the day on 364 for four, with Kohli becoming the second fastest batsman in history to reach 24 Test hundreds, after the iconic Sir Don Bradman.
His entertaining innings was laced with eight fours and four sixes.
Pant played his usual attacking game from ball one, flicking the ball through square leg to get going. It was a display of brute power. He did the same to Devendra Bishoo in the following over.