In the United States, the Democrats have manoeuvred to pass legislation with the support of new Speaker Nancy Pelosi, the only woman ever to serve as speaker. "And I know they want to do that very badly", Trump said.
Democratic congressional leaders said they will head to the White House Friday at 11:30 am (1430 GMT) in a bid to break the impasse, but lawmakers have warned the shutdown could extend for several more days, even weeks.
New York's Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, 29, the youngest woman to be elected to Congress. We must be pioneers of the future, she said. "Our experience and perspective is varied and diverse, but our commitment to public service is absolute". A funding lapse of that length would have compounding consequences for the government's ability to provide promised services, and for the approximately 800,000 federal workers who are either furloughed at home or working without any guarantee of getting paid.
In her remarks before she took the oath, Pelosi listed the Democrats' agenda, saying they must address climate change, what she called the "existential threat of our time".
But some Republican senators appeared open to at least part of the Democrats' proposal.
She defeated the Republican nominee Kevin McCarthy, winning 220 votes.
He went on to congratulate newly elected House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, calling her new position a "tremendous achievement".
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He added, "How do you impeach a president who has won perhaps the greatest election of all time, done nothing wrong (no Collusion with Russian Federation, it was the Dems that Colluded), had the most successful first two years of any president, and is the most popular Republican in party history 93%?" Trump had little to say early Thursday as the new Congress was convening, but he did tweet an attack on one of his likely presidential challengers, Sen.
Rep. Emanuel Cleaver, D-Mo., opened the House prayer asking at "a time fraught with tribalism at home and turbulence abroad" that lawmakers "become the architects of a kindlier nation". Tim Ryan of Ohio, Kathleen Rice of NY and Seth Moulton of MA, her foes cited the need for younger, fresh leaders.
Trump accused the Democrats of playing politics, as his White House signaled he was standing firm in his funding demands. She clinched her victory after promising to serve no more than four additional years as speaker. Three Democrats voted present.
Incoming Democratic freshmen who opposed Pelosi were Reps. Anthony Brindisi (D-NY), Jason Crow (D-CO), Joe Cunningham (D-SC), Jared Golden (D-ME), Ben McAdams (D-UT), Max Rose (D-NY), Mike Sherrill (D-NJ), Elissa Slotkin (D-MI), Abigail Spanberger (D-VA) and Jeff Van Drew (D-NJ). Elissa Slotkin of MI and New Jersey's Jeff Van Drew voted "present".
After the November congressional elections, Republicans have a 53-47 majority in the Senate and Democrats have a 235-199 margin in the House with one seat undecided.
But aside from a few Republicans, the GOP is digging in. That was the high water mark of opposition from a speaker's own party since World War I and a harbinger of a power play by conservatives that fall that chased him from office.
There are ideological differences between numerous newcomers and the Democratic party's establishment.