In January, a NY federal judge agreed with Healey that a question on citizenship would result in a population undercount and would harm representation, according to a statement.
The Constitution requires a census count every 10 years.
His nomination had appeared safe until Christine Blasey Ford, a university professor from California, went public in September with accusations that Kavanaugh sexually assaulted her in 1982 when both were teenage high school students in Maryland.
"This rationale was so transparently pretextual", Fishkin says.
What happens next was not immediately clear, because the department had said it must know by the summer whether the question can be added. The administration had cited the need to improve enforcement of the Voting Rights Act.
"We are presented, in other words, with an explanation for agency action that is incongruent with what the record reveals about the agency's priorities and decision-making process", Roberts wrote.
"The sole stated reason - seems to have been contrived".
In a twist, the conservative justices on the Supreme Court ended up helping the liberal members of Maryland politics.
The GLBC says getting people to participate in the 2020 U.S. Census is now more urgent than ever before.
Emerson Sykes, a staff attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union, welcomed the ruling as a "victory for the First Amendment".
Jason Torchinsky, a lawyer and Republican redistricting strategist, said the deadline could be extended to the fall, enabling the Supreme Court to review the new decision.More news: House Democrats demand answers on Trump-Putin interactions ahead of G20
More news: Early Reactions Say ‘Spider-Man: Far From Home’ Is Perfect, Funny & Shocking
More news: How Prince Harry Spent His First Father's Day
Plaintiffs and defendants in the Supreme Court case hastily filed briefs, asking them to consider the Hofeller documents in alternate ways that could provide either side with a strategic advantage.
The census is used to allot seats in the U.S. House and distribute some $800 billion in federal funds.
The rest of the conservative wing preferred to scrap the doctrine in part because they say it gives agencies too much power to shape the law and how it is enforced and interpreted.
A question about citizenship hasn't been included on the USA census since 1950.
A new report from the Census Bureau this month found that a citizenship question would reduce the response rate among households with at least one non-citizen by up to 8 percent, which represents a substantial increase over the bureau's previous estimate of 5.8 percent.
What's more, while it's easier for Republicans to gerrymander when they're in control, given Democratic voters are increasingly clustered in urban areas and Republican voters are more spread out, that doesn't mean this will always be a practice that favors them.
DOJ claimed in a letter to Furman that Hofeller's work did not play "any role whatsoever" in the department's request to add the question.
Federal judges recently ruled that Republicans unconstitutionally gerrymandered two North Carolina congressional districts by race. But that doesn't mean these decisions will necessarily change USA politics for good.
Documents show that Ross discussed the citizenship issue with Stephen Bannon when Bannon was working in the White House as Trump's chief strategist, and that he had later consulted with former Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach, one of the most vicious of the anti-immigrant backers of Trump.
Documents created by Republican strategist Thomas Hofeller, who died previous year, showed he was instrumental behind the scenes in instigating the addition of the question.
"They sent a message to everyone drawing district lines in the future, 'do what you want, we're not going to pay attention", she said.
States across the country, including IL, are moving forward with education and outreach campaigns to ensure the most accurate count so that district lines best reflect local communities and federal funds are properly appropriated back to states, cities, and counties.